Chinese paper cutting techniques and seven basic patterns

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Chinese paper-cutting techniques and seven basic patterns

Paper-cut usually with scissors and knife tools, or with a pair of scissors, supplemented; or, conversely, to carve, cut as a supplement. Usually cut in North mainly to cut, cut mainly to the South, also have cut and abusive, staggered. General opening, pull, detail used knife, fold, “” hair, “outlines commonly used scissors to complete.

I. hair cut

Pay cut (also known as pull the cut)

Sharp to pierce the paper with the scissors, and then dig cut from the inside out. Cut a small hole, pay attention to the sharp cut in the center hole on, gently shake to make it through the paper, called holes, cut tip is then placed in a hole, the left hand light the paper back, right hand cut and counter-clockwise direction shears, cut edge rotation moves forward. Cutting when cutting small parts, complete with the cutting tip.

Folding scissors

Scissors, and cut from the fold of the paper, on the ground that produces 22 patterns, folding shears used to cut out pattern symmetry, repetition, can also be used in locally symmetric pattern. The thickness of the fold of the paper will have a certain, so folding shears multi-purpose shears root (close to the shear axis parts) shear.

Broken shear

Scissors shears broke from the outside edge, for breaking into the scheduled cut moulding parts cut. Broken cut called “dark”, “dark” ingenious arrangements, can be easily cut engraving, trace is not easy to see the gap, it wouldn’t destroy the overall effect.


Shear slender, shapely sawtooth animal hairs, civil commonly known as “hair.” Hair needs cutting flexible shaft of a pair of scissors. Left the paper and shipped right hand scissors shear cut angle is always forward, left and right trim uniform translation, making a series of fine hair of silk and wool.

Tour cut

Tour line cut is good at cutting curves and profiles. Swim cut key is the right-hand man of the match. When cutting, hold paper hand hands, keep left and turn right, drive medical shears hand run; hold hand cut opening and closing along with shear, such as fish swim and flow freely.

I. the cutting

Cutting knife

Vertical wield the scalpel, cut from top to bottom. Move the tip up and down before the lajushi, cut short and straight-edge. Cutter span should not be too large, caused assembly lines on and off. Cutting tool suitable for multilayer paper-cut engraving and engraving fine parts of the paper-cutting, particularly falls and cross the fine parts, caused by improper cutting knife to prevent breakage.


Tip by cutting up and down along the line of holes in a clockwise direction and moved forward, left hand holding the paper combined with spin move for a week. Punch can also be used.

Draw knife

Oblique wield the scalpel, wrote letters to write. Shipped a knife, wrist strength should be uniform, can draw a smooth cut on the paper. This method is suitable for the crisp texture of paper, knife engraving the paper layer is less to three or less is appropriate. Not easy to draw. The pad is also to a certain degree of hardness, too soft for easy paper dropped.


On paper with an awl or needle stab a group or series of small pinholes. This law is used for traditional paper-cutting tricks, as the embroidery needle tips, has gradually developed into a paper-cut decoration.

Breaking knives

Differ from broken knives and cutter cutters cutting and engraving, broken knives cut engraving, formed in the paper like a broken cut dark knife. Traditional paper-cutting in the broken knife is often used as a stitch in the pattern paper-cutting tips.

Knock chisel method

Using shadow made or folk chisel “xiqian” approach. With special functions and types of chisels in the tapping cut different hollow pattern on the paper. This method is suitable for multi-layer cutting batch processing.

Three, cutting seven basic patterns cut

1. symmetrical fold cut method

Fold out half of the image, cut it.

Chinese paper-cutting techniques and seven basic patterns

2. the triangular fold cut

Fold the square paper, 60 ° angle folded as shown, cutting.

Chinese paper-cutting techniques and seven basic patterns

3. four corners and fold cut

Two fold, then fold diagonally, half painted patterns, cut. but you must watch your connection point on both sides, or it will cut into separate pieces.

With squares of colored paper, folded three times, folded into a triangle and press the corners, edges, Centre form the law carved out a variety of patterns.

Chinese paper-cutting techniques and seven basic patterns
Chinese paper-cutting techniques and seven basic patterns

4. fold Pentagon cut

Fold the square paper, according to the midpoint of the bottom triangle and then folded.

Cut along the graph into the Pentagon or Pentagram

Chinese paper-cutting techniques and seven basic patterns

5. the hexagonal folding scissors method

Square fold, according to the midpoint of the bottom dotted line as shown into graph cut. Note schematic line a and line b should be equal.

Chinese paper-cutting techniques and seven basic patterns
Chinese paper-cutting techniques and seven basic patterns

6. flower cut

With a square shape, pentagonal, hexagonal folding methods, design a single pattern (flower 1/4,1/5,1/6,1/8) so cut, expanded into symmetrical flowers.

Chinese paper-cutting techniques and seven basic patterns

Designed to highlight the characteristics of continuous movement of lace, and formed vivid artistically. cut detail before they are cut thick and after the first, a fine knife available.

Chinese paper-cutting techniques and seven basic patterns

7. corner pattern cut People handmade paper cut cut door God and send

Corner patterns called flower, often based on the angle of 90 degrees, after diagonal, designed a corner pattern, cut and serve, for decorative corner designs. connected with angular patterns such as, he becomes the border pattern.

The experience is for reference only, if you need to solve specific problems (especially legal, medical and other fields), it is recommended that you consult the relevant professionals.


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